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THE PROCESS OF GROWING COFFEE


Have you ever wondered how your coffee is made? How are your coffee and espresso created? How does it go from coffee beans to coffee that you find in your local grocery store? The process of creating the best tasting coffee is complex but can be condensed into three categories, totaling eight steps:

CATEGORY 1: Growth

1. Planting

2. Harvesting

CATEGORY 2: Processing

3. Choosing + Pulping

4. Fermenting, Drying, and Storing

5. Milling + Grading

CATEGORY 3: Finalizations

6. Exporting

7. Roasting + Packaging

8. Grinding, Brewing, and Drinking

Let's begin in category one: growth. Your cup of coffee begins as the product of the Coffea plant: a bean inside a cherry. Therefore, your coffee beans technically come from a fruit: the coffee cherry! Once planted, the best coffee grains take up to four years to produce the coffee cherry. Then, it is harvested by hand or machine.

Once harvested, we move to category two: processing, a crucial phase for creating the best tasting coffee. This phase begins with debris removal of the coffee cherries, followed by placing cherries in water to remove unripe ones which float to the top. The cherries are then pulped: the fruit is removed from surrounding the coffee beans. Then coffee beans are fermented and placed in storage at a temperature conducive to creating the best tasting coffee. Before exportation in category three, beans are milled to remove extra layers and imperfections of the coffee beans. High-rated coffee makers then grade coffee beans for defects.

Now we move to category three: finalization product. The beans are exported to countries, where they are then roasted at a minimum of 400℉. Coffee beans are now ready to be packaged and sent to grocery stores and coffee shops. The last step of consumption of the coffees consists of three key steps: grinding, brewing, and drinking.

Which are the three most important steps of the coffee beans to coffee process for creating the beans' flavor and the best coffee grains? Fermenting, roasting, and grinding. Fermentation breaks down the sugar and produces acidity levels in the coffees. Roasting further solidifies the coffee's flavors based on the amount of time the beans are roasted. Grinding the coffee beans is the final critical process. Ground coffee goes stale very quickly so you must grind coffee beans right before use. For peak freshness and flavor, the best coffee to buy is full beans where you will grind them right before use.

Finally, what is the difference between the process of coffee and espresso? Generally, categories one and two stay the same. However, coffee and espresso are different based on roasting and brewing. Espresso coffee beans require a dark roast. They are then brewed at a very high pressure where hot water is pushed through finely-ground coffee beans to form espresso. High-rated coffee makers pay close attention to how they grind coffee and espresso: espresso is ground very finely; coffee is ground coarsely.


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